Much like this summer, Phish had taken some time to prepare new material ahead of their 1998 summer tour. The new songs would ultimately end up on The Story Of The Ghost, and a tour through Europe would prove the ultimate testing grounds for these new gems. Not only did Phish bring out three brand new songs for the fans who made it to the tour opener in Copenhagen, but they treated fans to a great show in the process.Opening with “Limb by Limb” and “Ghost,” Phish treated fans to an alternate version of their classic tune “Water in the Sky” in the first set. You can hear the excitement at the new interpretation! There was an air of excitement for the first-ever “Roggae” too, a song that would become a staple of live shows. The band also turned a 1997 funk jam into “The Moma Dance,” with Trey Anastasio even going so far as to teach fans the now-forgotten dance that accompanies. After a great second set, the band brought out one more new song, “Brian and Robert,” for the encore.Listen to the full audio of the show, courtesy of fromtheaquarium.You can see the phish.net setlist below.Setlist: Phish at The Grey Hall, Freetown Christiania, Copenhagen, Denmark – 06/30/1998 Set 1: Limb By Limb, Ghost, Water in the Sky > Bouncing Around the Room, Tube, Stash -> Cities, Roggae, Guyute, Beauty of My Dreams > Funky Bitch, Train Song, David BowieSet 2: The Moma Dance, Birds of a Feather, Wolfman’s Brother -> Frankie Says > Run Like an Antelope, Lawn Boy, Ya Mar, Ha Ha Ha, Mike’s Song -> Swept Away > Steep > Weekapaug GrooveEncore: Brian and Robert Debut of “new” faster arrangement. Debut.Notes: This show marked the debuts of Roggae, The Moma Dance, Brian and Robert, and the “new” faster arrangement of Water in the Sky. Ghost included a San-Ho-Zay tease from Trey. Tube contained a Sand tease. The Moma Dance included the band teaching the audience the simplistic “dance” that accompanies the song.
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:Fund management firm Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP) said on Tuesday it had started what it expects to be the world’s largest fund for renewable energy infrastructure as it targets investments worth 100 billion crowns ($15.2 billion).CIP, founded by former Orsted executives, said institutional investors had so far pledged to invest 11 billion crowns and it expects commitments to increase to 40-50 billion in the coming 9 to 12 months.The CIP IV fund will invest in renewable energy infrastructure within offshore and onshore wind, solar energy, transmission grids and biomass in what it called low-risk OECD countries, referring to members of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.“The market is favourable for investments in renewable energy infrastructure,” said CIP managing partner Jakob Baruel Poulsen.United Nations envoy and former Bank of England Governor Mark Carney said earlier this month that investors had an “enormous” opportunity to finance a shift to a low-carbon future in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.[Stine Jacobsen]More: Danish fund manager CIP aims for world’s largest renewable infrastructure fund Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners launches major renewable energy infrastructure fund
If you’re anything like me, the energy you mustered behind your New Year’s Resolutions is likely starting to putter out, if it hasn’t died altogether. Daily yoga sessions quickly became every couple of days. Twice-a-week bike rides? Try twice a month. Take solace. We’re not alone. Studies show that 25 percent of Americans give up on resolutions just one week into the New Year.At the root of our commitment crisis? Ambiguity. Setting concrete goals, and realistic ones at that, helps us stay motivated. Instead of saying, “I want to get outside more,” how about, “I want to compete in the Green River Games and finish.”Make 2016 the year of no excuses. Check out these 41 regional events that are sure to make your quads crumble, your forearms scream, and your sides cramp. But no pain, no gain. No excuses.TRAIL RUNNINGShut-In Ridge Trail RunAsheville, North CarolinaNovember 5, 2016jusrunning.comOne of the oldest trail races in the Southeast, the Shut-In Ridge Trail Run has been shutting runners down since its inception 38 years ago. Though the course is just shy of 18 miles long, it’s the elements that get you—leaf strewn, often-slick singletrack weaves and winds across the Blue Ridge Parkway, relentlessly climbing some 3,000-feet to the Mount Pisgah parking area. Set that against a backdrop of unpredictable November weather, be it snow, sun, rain, or all of the above, even the best of runners will need to dig deep on this beast.Key to success: “You really just need to do the course. You don’t need to do all of your training on the course, and you don’t need to do it all at once, maybe in thirds or halves, but you gotta be good at both uphills and downhills.”—Norman Blair, Owner, Jus’ Running, Race Director, Shut-In Ridge Trail RunDirty Dog 15KKanawha State Forest, W.Va.mid-May 2016wvmtr.orgJames River ScrambleRichmond, Va.May 21, 2016dominionriverrock.comThe Naturalist 25K and 50KFranklin, N.C.early Octoberoutdoor76.comULTRA RUNNINGMount Mitchell ChallengeBlack Mountain, North CarolinaFebruary 27, 2016ultrasignup.comThis 40-mile race isn’t just a challenge against the terrain, the elements, the competitors toeing the line beside you—it’s a challenge against yourself. Start at the break of dawn in the quaint town of Black Mountain. From there, you’ll climb 4,324 feet in the first 20 miles, so be prepared to feel the burn early on. Fortunately, the killer views of Mount Mitchell and the surrounding western North Carolina mountains should be stunning enough to at least temporarily relieve you of your pain. Key words: “should be.”JFK 50-MilerBoonsboro, Md.late November 2016jfk50mile.orgThe Barkley MarathonsFrozen Head State Park, Tenn.late March 2016facebook.com/TheBarkleyMarathonsGrindstone 100Swoope, Va.October 7-9, 2016mountainpeakfitness.com/grindstoneROAD RUNNINGPeachtree Road RaceAtlanta, GEORGIAJuly 4, 2016atlantatrackclub.orgCelebrate freedom and fitness with 60,000 other runners during this 10K run. The largest road race in the United States, Peachtree is widely regarded in the South as a tradition. Kids, elders, seasoned runners, and novices alike will find their step among the crowd. Follow up your accomplishment with a night on the town. Nothing says “celebrate” more than an evening of fireworks.Key to success: “Don’t underestimate the heat, humidity and hills. Make sure you are properly hydrated for race day, and be sure to incorporate some hills into your training.” —Rich Kenah, Executive Director, Atlanta Track Club[divider]Read On by Clicking the Page 2 Link Below[/divider][nextpage title=”Page 2″]Cooper River Bridge RunCharleston, S.C.April 2, 2016bridgerun.comUkrops Monument Avenue 10KRichmond, Va.April 9, 2016sportsbackers.orgBlue Ridge MarathonRoanoke, Va.April 16, 2016blueridgemarathon.comTEAM EVENTSmoky Mountain RelayPink Beds State Park to Nantahala Outdoor Center, North carolinaApril 22–23, 2016smr.smokymountainrelay.comNothing says team building like a 12-person (or six if you’re core), 214-mile overnight relay. Begin in the dead of night at Pink Beds State Park, located in the heart of Transylvania County and the Land of Waterfalls. Your team will be escorted by van down the course to designated exchange points until you reach the finish line at the Nantahala Outdoor Center. Runners might be a little sleep-deprived and sore the next day, but the memories of camaraderie, technical trail, and panoramic Smoky Mountain vistas will last a lifetime.Key to success: “Number one, people need to come with the attitude of having fun. Just relax. Enjoy the experience of being with your teammates going into something that’s hard to do. Number two, every team needs to have at least one or two pretty good trail runners. It’s the Mountains to Sea Trail, we’re talking rocks, roots, creeks. If they’re flatlanders, they need to get some elevation training in. But, having said all of that, people still come totally unprepared and they just pull it together and have a good time!”—Jim Brendle, Race Director, Smoky Mountain RelayBlue Ridge RelayGrayson Highlands State Park, Va., to Asheville, N.C.September 9–10, 2016blueridgerelay.comBourbon ChaseLexington, Ky.October 14–15, 2016bourbonchase.comBig Bear Lake 2×12 RelayBruceton Mills, W.Va.June 11, 2016bigbearwv.comMOUNTAIN BIKINGShenandoah Mountain 100Stokesville, VirginiaSeptember 4, 2016mtntouring.comThe SM100 is the bee’s knees of endurance riding in Virginia, but be forewarned—your first attempt might not go so well. Maybe you finish, maybe you don’t. Maybe you get a flat in the first mile. Maybe you hurl at the top of Reddish Knob. Maybe you fly OTB into a line of cheering fans. Whatever the case, the SM100 is a practice in patience, the true test of humility. Once you get a taste of that 100-mile techy, rocky, rooty, steep course, you’ll be hooked to train harder and try again.Key to success: “It really helps to get comfortable with narrow off camber singletrack both climbing and descending. Equipment—get used to it! Don’t make changes before the event…like borrowing someone’s bike because it is two pounds lighter—big mistake! You should ride often—everyday if possible and enjoy it! You don’t need to go ride 100 miles to be able to do this 100-mile event. Chris Eatough, Jeremiah Bishop, and Sue Haywood didn’t and you shouldn’t either. Get really comfortable and efficient with your three- to four-hour ride putting down steady power.”—Chris Scott, Race Director, Shenandoah Mountain 100Off-Road Assault on MitchellOld Fort, N.C.July 31, 2016blueridgeadventures.netTransylvania EpicState College, Penn.late May 2016outdoorexperience.org/tseRevenge of the RattlesnakeDavis, W.Va.late September 2016blackwaterbicycleassociation.wordpress.comROAD & GRAVEL CYCLINGAssault on Mt. MitchellSpartanburg, South CarolinaMay 16, 2016theassaults.comPain loves company. Tackle this 102.7-mile ride at your own pace, without the pressure of competition, in the presence of 750 world riders of every caliber. Novice road riders will appreciate the logistical ease of this century, with 10 designated rest stops and van shuttles from the finish on Mount Mitchell back to the start in downtown Spartanburg, while even the strongest riders will get their asses handed to them during the 10,000+ vertical feet of climbing. Interestingly, this event lands on a Monday. What better excuse to play hooky than a 100-mile bike ride?Key to success: “Get time in the saddle. Work some training rides into your schedule that cover 80 to 100 percent of the distance of the Assault. Climb if possible in your area and get comfortable riding in groups. Remember patience. It is a long day. Remember why you ride a bike—have fun.” —Katie Jordan, Event Director, The Assaults[divider]Read On by Clicking the Page 3 Link Below[/divider][nextpage title=”Page 3″]Alpine Gran FondoHarrisonburg, Va.September 25, 2016alpineloopgranfondo.comStokesville Strade Gravel GrinderStokesville, Va.March 5, 2016mtntouring.comGravel Race Up Spruce KnobCircleville, W.Va.July 16, 2016spruceknobcycling.blogspot.comCLIMBINGTriple Crown Bouldering SeriesHorse Pens 40, Alabama, Stone Fort, Tennessee, Hound Ears, North carolinaOctober–November, 2016triplecrownbouldering.orgIn 2002, regional climbers Jim Horton and Chad Wykle simultaneously latched onto an idea that would unite the Southeastern bouldering community and challenge the way climbers view access—they called it the Triple Crown of bouldering. Located on alternating weekends throughout October and into early November, the three-part competition takes place at boulderfields once closed off to the public altogether. Through no shortage of communication, negotiations, and a successful decade-plus of landowner-climber relationships, the bouldering series has flourished.Craggin Classic Dyno CompFayetteville, W.Va.September 17, 2016cragginclassic.comDominion RiverrockRichmond, Va.May 20–21, 2016dominionriverrock.comThe Big Lick Showdown Roanoke, Va.TBD 2016riverrockclimbing.comMULTISPORTGreen River GamesSaluda, North carolinaMay 21–22, 2016greenrivergames.comThe Silverback, more than any other race in the region, is the ultimate multisport event. For the past three years, an increasing number of competitors have been tackling this beast of the East in the dead of summer, when the humidity, let alone the 24-plus miles of technical class V paddling, mountain biking, and trail running, is enough to make you crumble. This year, however, the Green River Games is slated for late May. Instead of stifling heat, racers may now be faced with high flows and muddy trails. Despite its reputation as a sufferfest, the Silverback is growing in popularity. Think you have what it takes?Key to success: “Start training early and train specifically on going from kayak to bike, bike to run. On day of, get a good start on the kayaking event and don’t blow out on the mountain bike. Save some for the run.” —John Grace, Race Director, Green River GamesCaptain Thurmond’s ChallengeFayetteville, W.Va.early August 2016nrgorgegames.comRussell Fork BaddlunElkhorn City, Ky.early October 2016rfbaddlun.blogspot.comJerry’s BaddleSaluda, N.C.April 30, 2016jerrysbaddle.orgWHITEWATER KAYAKINGThe Green RaceSaluda, North carolinaNovember 5, 2016facebook.com/thegreenrivernarrowsraceWhat started in 1996 as a grassroots race organized by the Green River Narrows’ most core paddlers has since emerged into the Superbowl of kayaking. Held the first Saturday of November, more than 500 spectators alone hike or paddle their way down to witness one of the world’s most action-packed sections of whitewater. Of course, navigating one half mile of class V whitewater at race pace lends itself to no shortage of memorable moments that are part brilliant athleticism, part carnage. Nonetheless, the Green Race remains a Southeastern staple in the world of whitewater, so come out and spectate or spank the Monkey for yourself.Key to success: “Get a long boat and get as many days on the river as you can.” —John Grace, Race Director, Green RaceGreat Falls RaceMclean, va.July 9, 2016facebook.com/greatfallsraceUpper Yough RaceFriendsville, Md.October 1, 2016fallsrace.comLord of the ForkElkhorn City, Ky.October 22, 2016russellfork.infoSUPNRG SUP RaceFayetteville, West virginiaSeptember 18, 2016adventuresonthegorge.comInitially regarded as nothing more than a boaters’ hobby, the sport of stand up paddleboarding has seen an evolution unto its own in the last five years. Hosted the Sunday of Gauley Fest, the New River Gorge SUP Race pays homage to SUP’s grassroots beginning and tightknit community. Divided into two races, Attainment and Downriver Whitewater, this event is welcoming to paddlers of any ability level and provides free drinks and tacos to all of its racers. Make the most of your next Gauley Fest weekend and check out the free demos and instruction available prior to the race.Key to success: “The key to success in this race is getting in some practice laps to know the upstream eddies for the attainment race and the downstream choices in lines for the whitewater race. Another key to success is board choice. Racers are required to use the same board for both races so choose a fast attainment board that will also offer stability in the downriver rapids.” —Melanie Seiler Hames, Race Organizer, NRG SUP RaceTuck Fest SUP Cross/Enduro/FlatwaterCharlotte, N.C.April 22–24, 2016tuckfest.orgBattle of the BroadAsheville, N.C.TBDbattleofthebroad.com6th Annual Golden Nugget Paddle N’ PartyMount Pleasant, S.C.May 21, 2016paddleguru.comJUST FOR FUNCupid’s Undie RunAtlanta, Ga., Charleston, S.C., Charlotte, N.C., Nashville, Tenn., Pittsburgh, Penn., Raleigh, N.C., Virginia Beach, Va., Washington, D.C.TBD 2016cupidsundierun.comNot everything has to be hardcore. Push beyond your comfort zone by stripping down to your undies with thousands of total strangers! The best part about the humiliation? You’ll be parading your bad self downtown (or uptown if you’re in Charlotte), in the middle of winter. Okay, maybe that is hardcore. No matter, the run is “brief,” and dancing is encouraged. Even if your boss does see your tighty-whities on the local news station, at least you can say it was for a cause. Proceeds from Cupid’s Undie Runs support the Children’s Tumor Foundation, a non-profit aimed at fighting neurofibromatosis (NF).
Press Association Swansea skipper Ashley Williams admits he is not fussed by the Louis van Gaal factor at Old Trafford on Saturday. Former Barcelona and Bayern Munich boss Van Gaal makes his much-heralded Barclays Premier League bow after guiding Holland to a third-placed finish at the World Cup finals in Brazil. All eyes will be on Van Gaal ahead of the lunchtime kick-off, and also on the new 3-4-1-2 formation he has swiftly put in place since arriving at Old Trafford. Ironically, Swansea were David Moyes’ first Premier League opponents as United manager 12 months ago. Moyes celebrated a 4-1 victory at the Liberty Stadium that day with Danny Welbeck and Robin van Persie bagging braces and the future looked bright. But it proved to be a false dawn as United slumped from being champions in Sir Alex Ferguson’s final season to seventh – their worst finish in Premier League history. The former Everton manager eventually paid the price for United’s fall from grace by losing his job in April and Williams believes Swansea face a far different challenge with the highly experienced Van Gaal in the opposite corner. “I don’t think we can judge anything on the Man United teams we played last season because this team will be different with the new manager,” Williams said. “Much has been made about the formation they’re playing which will be the same as Holland played in the World Cup. “It will be different and it’s funny that we’re playing them again like last season. “But we’re ready. We had a positive pre-season – it’s been really good. “I wanted a good one but it’s probably the best I’ve ever had and I know we’ve got a strong squad. “We’ve had a high turnover of players, but I feel confident in the players I’ve got around me.” Former Arsenal goalkeeper Lukazs Fabianski will make his Swansea debut at Old Trafford and Icelandic midfielder Gylfi Sigurdsson starts his second spell at the club following his summer move from Tottenham. Ecuador winger Jefferson Montero, another summer recruit, could also make his debut, although wingers Nathan Dyer and Wayne Routledge are both available after sitting out the game against Spanish club Villarreal. But Wales captain Williams insists he has only been focusing on Swansea’s system under rookie boss Garry Monk, who is starting his first full term in charge at the Liberty Stadium. “We couldn’t really have got a bigger game, but the spotlight is obviously with them as they’ve got a new manager and it’s on their ground,” said Williams. “We won’t worry about them. We’ve been working on a system, how we want to play. “We need to concentrate on that really and go into the game positive. “For us, we’re just concentrating on ourselves, whoever the opponent is. “We’re aware we’re going away to Old Trafford, but I think in these type of games we need to worry about ourselves and what we’re doing. “Let’s be honest, everyone will be tuning in to see what the new-look Man United are doing. “The only people worrying about Swansea will be Swansea fans.”
Listen to the best bits from Tuesday’s Hawksbee and Jacobs show, with Sam Delaney standing in for Andy.
Running, jogging and triathlons are in. Football, paintball and horseback riding are out. So are sports that can be enjoyed with a beer — or three.That’s the quick take on the latest survey from the Sport & Fitness Industry Association, released Monday. The group — a partnership of six industry associations — fielded nearly 20,000 surveys in January and February, asking Americans (both individuals and households) about their physical activity last year. Overall activity was flat, a turnaround from declines in recent years.Individual sports and activities, though, showed bigger changes, some of them dramatic. The number of people who participated at least once in adventure racing or a traditional triathlon increased by more than 25 percent last year compared with the year before. Meanwhile, nonmotorized scooter-riding and non-inline roller skating experienced big declines.Even with such a big sample, year-by-year changes in individual sports may not mean much. I limited the analysis to activities with an estimate of at least 2 million participants last year, but that still means a change of 10 percent could be a difference of just a dozen or so respondents. And that’s when looking at total participants. The group also reports more regular participants, but that means an even smaller sample size. (Also, as I noted when writing about this survey in a recent piece, the survey is fielded only in English, which could skew results for activities that are unusually popular or unpopular among U.S. residents who are less comfortable speaking to strangers in English.)We get a more reliable picture when looking at five-year trends.Triathlon and adventure racing still top the gainers list. Kayaking, trail running and yoga are other solitary or noncompetitive endeavors increasing in popularity. Meanwhile, activities popular in bars or in other venues where beer often is sold — including pool, darts and bowling — are losing ground. So are all varieties of football — though touch football sustained the biggest percentage decline, suggesting concussion fears aren’t solely to blame.To sum up: We’re bowling alone — or together — less often, but running, paddling or posing more.
FiveThirtyEight Embed Code More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS | Embed Welcome to the latest episode of Hot Takedown, FiveThirtyEight’s sports podcast. On this week’s show (June 21, 2016), we talk about the Cleveland Cavaliers’ victory in Game 7 of the NBA Finals and wonder how much championships matter when we talk about history’s greatest players and teams. Then, we welcome ESPN FC’s Mike Goodman to chat about the USMNT’s run to the semifinal of the Copa America. Finally, Mike stays around to break down the opening games of the 2016 Euros, and we ask him what’s going on with Cristiano Ronaldo. Plus, a significant digit on the matchup between the Los Angeles Sparks and the Minnesota Lynx in the WNBA.Links to what we discuss are here:Ben Morris wonders if the Steph Curry revolution is over already.Ben Morris’s original piece on why Steph Curry is revolutionizing basketball.Reuben Fischer-Baum writes the Warriors aren’t even the second-best team ever.Neil Paine says LeBron led the Cavs on one of the greatest playoff runs in NBA history.ESPN Stats & Information Group breaks down how LeBron carried the Cavs to the title.LeBron is so great, says Bryan Armen Graham in The Guardian, he should now be considered the greatest of all time.Mike Goodman asks whether the USMNT has finally turned the corner under Jurgen Klinsmann.The Guardian wonders why casual fans have stayed away from this year’s Copa America.Over at the Euros, The Upshot breaks down how teams can qualify for the next round.And, Sam Borden looks at what the new tournament structure has meant for fans from smaller countries.Borden also delves into Cristiano Ronaldo’s frustrations after Portugal’s tie with Austria.You can find Mike Goodman’s new soccer podcast, The Double Pivot, here.Significant Digit: 23. That’s the combined number of games the Los Angeles Sparks and the Minnesota Lynx had played in this season’s WNBA without losing. The Sparks lost 72-69 to the Lynx on Tuesday evening. If you’re a fan of our podcasts, be sure to subscribe on Apple Podcasts and leave a rating/review. That helps spread the word to other listeners. And get in touch by email, on Twitter or in the comments. Tell us what you think, send us hot takes to discuss and tell us why we’re wrong.
Categories: Local San Diego News, Traffic & Accidents FacebookTwitter 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsCORONADO (KUSI)- A man on a motorcycle threatened to jump off the Coronado bridge caused closures on both sides of the bridge for nearly four hours.KUSI’s John Soderman is at Coronado City Hall with more on the story. KUSI Newsroom, December 6, 2018 Posted: December 6, 2018 Coronado Bridge closed for 4 hours due to man threatening to jump KUSI Newsroom
Kolkata: A new fast food centre has come up at the Kolkata station of the eastern railway to provide quality food to the passengers.The fast food centre was inaugurated by a women passenger on March 19. Prabhas Dansana, divisional railway manager, Sealdah, Debashis Chandra, group general manager IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation), Eastern Zone and AM Singh, additional divisional railway manager, Sealdah, also attended the function. The state-of-the-art fast food unit has all the modern gadgets in the kitchen. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe sole purpose of the initiative is to serve quality food to the passengers. The prices of the food items are pocket-friendly so that people from all sections of the society are able to afford food at the centre. The Kolkata station has now become an international rail terminal as it is the terminating station of international trains such Khulna bandhan Express and Kolkata-Dhaka Maitree Express. The fast food centre has met the long-standing demand of the passengers that quality food should be made available at the station itself at affordable prices. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataThe fast food centre will serve both non vegetarian and vegetarian dishes along with thali. Breakfast and dinner will be available at the centre also. The Indian Railways has taken a move to provide quality food to the passengers at railway stations and on board. Accordingly, such centres are coming up in different railway stations. The fast food centre will serve both non vegetarian and vegetarian dishes along with thali.
“Ensure the Internet is a global public resource… where individuals can shape their own experience and are empowered, safe and independent.”-Team Mozilla Yesterday, Firefox explained the idea behind Firefox Sync as well as how the tool was built keeping in mind user’s privacy. Because sharing data with a provider is a norm, the team found it important to highlight the privacy aspects of Firefox Sync. What is Firefox Sync? Firefox Sync lets a user share their bookmarks, browsing history, passwords and other browser data between different devices, and send tabs from one device to another. This feature re-defines how users interact with the web. Users can log on to Firefox with Firefox sync, using the same account across multiple devices. They can even access the same sessions on swapping devices. With one easy sign-in, Firefox sync helps users access their bookmarks, tabs, and passwords. Sync allows users logged on from one device to be simultaneously logged on to other devices. Which means that tasks that started on a user’s laptop in the morning can be picked up on their phone even later in the day. Why is Firefox Sync Secure? By default, Firefox Sync protects all user synced data so Mozilla can’t read it. When a user signs up for sync with a strong passphrase, their data is protected from both attackers and from Mozilla. Mozilla encrypts all of a user’s synced data so that it is entirely unreadable without the key used to encrypt it. Ideally, even a service provider must never receive a user’s key. Firefox takes care of this aspect when a user signs into their Firefox account with a username and passphrase which are sent to the server. Traditionally, on receiving the username and passphrase at the server, it is hashed and compared with a stored hash. If a match is found, the server sends the user his data. While using Firefox, a user never sends over their passphrase. Mozilla transforms a user’s passphrase on their computer into two different, unrelated values such that the two values are independent of each other. Mozilla sends an authentication token, derived from the passphrase, to the server which serves as the password-equivalent. This means that the encryption key derived from the passphrase never leaves a user’s computer. In more technical terms, 1000 rounds of PBKDF2 is used to derive a user’s passphrase into the authentication token. On the server size, this token is hashed with scrypt so that the database of authentication tokens is even more difficult to crack. The passphrase is then derived into an encryption key using the same 1000 rounds of PBKDF2. It is domain-separated from the previously generated authentication token by using HKDF with separate info values. This key is used to unwrap an encryption key (obtained during setup and which Mozilla never see unwrapped), and that encryption key is used to protect a user data. The key is used to encrypt user data using AES-256 in CBC mode, protected with an HMAC. Source: Mozilla Hacks How are people reacting to this feature? Sync has been well received by customers. A user on Hacker news commented how this feature makes “Firefox important”. Sync has also been compared to Google Chrome since Chrome’s sync feature collects their users’ complete browsing histories. One user commented on how Mozilla’s privacy tools will make him “chose over chrome”. And since this approach is relatively simple to implement, users are also exploring the possibility of “implement a similar encryption system as a proof of concept”. In a time where respecting the privacy of a user is so unusual, Mozilla sure has caught our attention with its approach to be more “user privacy-centric”. You can head over to Mozilla’s Blog to know other approaches to building a sync feature for a browser and how Sync protects user data. Read Next Mozilla pledges to match donations to Tor crowdfunding campaign up to $500,000Mozilla shares how AV1, the new the open source royalty-free video codec, worksMozilla introduces new Firefox Test Pilot experiments: Price Wise and Email tabs