High-resolution surface fluxes over the global ocean are needed to evaluate coupled atmosphere–ocean models and weather forecasting models, provide surface forcing for ocean models, understand the regional and temporal variations of the exchange of heat between the atmosphere and ocean, and provide a large-scale context for field experiments. Under the auspices of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Radiation Panel, the SEAFLUX Project has been initiated to investigate producing a high-resolution satellite-based dataset of surface turbulent fluxes over the global oceans to complement the existing products for surface radiation fluxes and precipitation. The SEAFLUX Project includes the following elements: a library of in situ data, with collocated satellite data to be used in the evaluation and improvement of global flux products; organized intercom-parison projects, to evaluate and improve bulk flux models and determination from the satellite of the input parameters; and coordinated evaluation of the flux products in the context of applications, such as forcing ocean models and evaluation of coupled atmosphere–ocean models. The objective of this paper is to present an overview of the status of global ocean surface flux products, the methodology being used by SEAFLUX, and the prospects for improvement of satellite-derived flux products.
Such a seemingly strange comparison brings me to the Scots, who congregate at the Scottish society. This lacks the restrictions of its Welsh counterpart, but it seems strange that it has only recently found its legs. I meet Mark Hamid, who has been active in the formation of this society, and ask him about what he considers the problems facing the Scottish students who decide to come to Oxford. He instantly agrees that the minor jibes experienced have never been anything more than playful banter, but nevertheless raises several occasions when where he comes from has caused difficulty. Certain issues seem to be caused by crossed wires and friction between contrasting authorities. For example, the fact that some individuals do not understand Scotland’s exam system can create difficulties. Finance is even more of a problem; Mark recalls the cost of his battells in Michaelmas as amounting to more than four thousand pounds, which, not surprisingly, ‘came as quite a shock’. This problem occurred after delays on the part of his L.E.A in paying his fees, a problem which was solved eventually, but was nevertheless an avoidable error. First week of Michaelmas stands out as an eventful seven days for all Oxford students. The essays haven’t started and Filth is still cool because you have nothing to compare it to. It’s a week of meeting new people, making the friends who see you through your degree and, for many, tolerating the inevitable references about where you come from. For me, hailing from the coastal town of Llanelli in South Wales, this meant slowing down my speech, asking the occasional individual not to call me Glyn, and tolerantly explaining why I wasn’t at Jesus. Such comments have never escalated into what anyone could call prejudice, but there have certainly been moments where being away from a country that is essentially not particularly distant have been difficult. So can the same be said for other non-English Brits? What difficulties face Scottish and Irish students, as well as Welsh ones other than myself, on arriving in Oxford, a quintessentially English town full of English people? The first few days at Oxford, as well as bringing light-hearted stereotyping, also means signing up for more clubs than you have time to attend at the Fresher’s Fair. The first stall I came across as I walked into the exam school that day was the Arabic society, and I was asked if I wanted to be a member. Apparently, it didn’t matter that I had no connection whatsoever to this group, so I quickly put my e-mail address on the contact sheet and looked around for the next potential association. Something caught my eye; the Welsh society, a club which I surely had every right to be a member of. I practically ran across the crowded room, pen ready, and began to write my name. And yet, I was stopped by a questioning glance from the girl who mans the stall. “Don’t worry” I say, “I’m Welsh”. But my hopes are dashed. I may be Welsh, but that doesn’t mean I’m wanted. My inability to speak the tongue of my native land means that, to the society, I am unnecessary, and unless I have lessons, I will forever remain in purgatory, linked with Wales through my heritage, but to England through my language.So why such a rule? Surely the Welsh society, full name Cymdeithas Dafydd ap Gwilym, has an obligation to cater for all countrymen. I ask the current president, Delyth Jewell, about the motives behind such a strict policy, and she is understandably quick to jump to its defence. ‘The point is that the very purpose of the society is for first language Welsh speakers to have the opportunity to use the language when they’re away from home.’ This seems fair enough, but would it not be possible to embrace non-Welsh speakers in different events? Apparently there was indeed a separate society which performed such a function, but it has, as Jewell says, ‘filtered out’. The shelf-life of what could be described as an overly nationalistic club seems short, but Cymdeithas Dafydd ap Gwilym is the second oldest society in the University (after the Union), so they must be doing something right. Evidently then the national identity which people like Jewell work hard to maintain is not always present in the Welsh students at Oxford. Is this simply apathy, or rather a conscious decision on their part to become absorbed into English life?This isn’t always the case though, as I discover from Fiona Mulvenna, a second year from Northern Ireland, who feels that her sense of national identity has actually increased since being in England; ‘At home, national identity is a bit of a no-no as it’s so closely linked to sectarianism – ie you have to have a “British” identity or an “Irish” one. Now I’m here however, I do feel quite proud of my Northern Irish-ness. It makes me cross when people think I’m Scottish, which is surprisingly frequently.’ Mark also comments on the difficulties posed by the sheer distance students from Scotland, Wales and Ireland (and to many extents parts of England itself) must travel to get to Oxford. Journeys are of course kept to a minimum, as one only needs to make their way here three times a year, but when you’re getting a train to Edinburgh with a few cases and a couple of boxes, it seems a whole lot harder. Colleges hardly make this easier. Whilst a French student from Calais (277 miles away) is entitled to vacation storage to enable an easier journey, Mark, whose home lies 359 miles away, has no such benefits. I am reminded of my return to Oxford in Hilary to find the contents of a box I left in storage (being unable to carry it with everything else) had been donated to a nearby charity shop who, as I discovered after much investigation, had deemed my photographs and general items unsuitable for sale and promptly put them out for the rubbish trucks. I ask Fiona if this has ever been an issue for her; ‘I always spend Saturday of 8th looking wistfully at people from Reading filling up their parents’ cars with stuff’, she says. ‘Meanwhile I totter off to the bus station with an enormous suitcase and several other bags. It doesn’t help that I have far too many shoes.’ The Scottish society hopes to be able to find a way of helping students with this problem in the future, but it seems slightly unfair that colleges themselves are not already providing assistance. In Ms. Mulvenna’s view though, there is little they can do, ‘even if college let me leave everything it wouldn’t make that much difference as I’d still have to take home more than I can carry’. Presumably, she means her shoes.The Scottish society have a lot of thoughts on how they can be of assistance to the many students who choose to come to Oxford. Mark comments on his intention to improve access, hoping that the association will soon be in a position to help future Scots make the decision to apply. The society though, as Mark is quick to point out, is in no way overtly nationalistic in a political manner, saying ‘I should hope that the society never opts to take a particular stance’. Mix these serious aspects of the society with events celebrating St. Andrew’s Day, Burns’ Night etc. and surely you have a winner. After all, the Scottish dancing society (which amusingly precedes this new one) have expressed support for future functions. Mark seems eager to encourage any celebration of Scottish identity, even if, as he tells me, such a club is made up mostly of the English.There can be little doubt then that coming to Oxford from Wales, Scotland or Ireland is going to raise difficulties. There are inevitably going to be less of us, but there are still plenty of countrymen about if you just look and, as Fiona tells me, ‘you usually know them or their sister or their best friend or their auntie’s dog’. Whether you are simply derided light-heartedly by new friends, or experience hardships involving finance or distance, there is going to be minor inconvenience. However, such issues can in no way be found only in Oxford; in fact, the University seems to be more accepting of the influx of non-English students than certain Welsh institutions are when welcoming individuals from just across the Severn Bridge. And, indeed, the accents and traits which may bring comical comments are found in equal measure in students from places such as Liverpool or Yorkshire. In my experience, there does not seem to be any difference between a Geordie and a Welsh boy in terms of the level of such comments. Overall then, we non-English Brits have got a lot to be thankful for, even if, every now and again, we get asked to speak just that little slower.
Gov. Holcomb signs school safety legislation Friday at Mt. Vernon High School surrounded by teachers, students, HEA 1004 author Rep. Wendy McNamara, and community leaders. Students tell Gov. Holcomb about Mount Vernon High School as they walk to the ceremonial signing. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Gov. Eric J. Holcomb ceremonially signed school safety legislation Friday alongside a group of teachers, students and community members at Mt. Vernon High School.“Ensuring every one of our students has a safe place to learn and grow is of the utmost importance,” Gov. Holcomb said. “The laws I ceremonially signed today will continue to strengthen the safety of schools all over Indiana by taking meaningful steps that will remain locally driven.”HEA 1004, a Next Level Agenda bill, stemmed from recommendations in the Governor’s school safety report. It provides access to more funding for safety equipment, facilitates partnerships with local law enforcement and requires threat assessments in our schools among other things. SEA 325 allows for schools to create support services to work with children and their parents to support their mental health and well-being. (Seated at the table from left to right) Mount Vernon Superintendent Dr. Matthew Thompson, Gov. Holcomb, and Rep. Wendy McNamara
Gavel GamutBy Jim Redwinewww.jamesmredwine.com(Week of 08 May 2017)STICKS AND STONES“Sticks and stones may break my bones but words will never hurt me.” A catchy nursery rhyme but a dangerous belief for political leaders. Language matters. Other animals may communicate but only humans have developed language to the point we can engage in international trade and send rockets into space.One problem we have not solved is completely understanding what someone who speaks a language different from our own truly means. While it is possible someday the whole world will once again speak one language, the last time that was true was three million years ago when all the humans on Earth lived in Africa’s Olduvai Gorge. Somehow we managed to create an actual Tower of Babel (Genesis, 11:1-9) as we clawed our way all over the globe.Almost everyone has experienced being both misunderstood and misunderstanding others. They hear one thing when we intended something else or we thought they meant something by their words that was not what they intended. If you are married you will not need any specific examples from me. The situation is exacerbated by leaders of foreign countries trying to reach a meeting of the minds while using separate languages.When I taught other judges from Palestine, Ukraine or Russia the system we used to convey my English language thoughts to the foreign judges was: I would speak, or write, an idea then a translator fluent in both English and Arabic, Ukrainian or Russian would repeat to the foreign judges what I just said or wrote. I could often tell from the reactions of the foreign judges that even with the best-intentioned and diligent translators what I meant often was not exactly what the translator conveyed and/or the audience understood.If we apply this principle to international relations, say between the United States and North Korea, we and they should probably proceed with extreme caution when we make statements which might unintentionally convey disrespect or challenge.Perhaps another old childhood saying might be worth keeping in mind as countries deal with one another where either or both could easily misinterpret the other’s true intent: “Be careful what words you spew out to others as you might be eating them later”.Right now many in our country are using language about North Korea and its leader Kim Jong-un that might make any person fear we are going to attack them. Irrational responses often result when one is placed in fear and doubt about another’s intentions.Many in our government and in the news media are sounding the war tocsin and claiming Kim Jong-un is dangerously irrational. As for our own leaders much of the media is so offended by President Trump’s criticism of the media that it is in a constant attack mode. For example, this past Sunday edition of The Reno Gazette-Journal devoted three pages to calling the President of the United States a liar. It would not be surprising if North Korea were emboldened to attempt military action due to a false conclusion that Americans are weak and divided.I am not suggesting the media or anyone else ignore poor decisions or bad policies. Our democracy has lasted over two hundred years in large part because we need not fear to speak out against what we perceive to be ill-advised actions. However, the country chose President Trump. It is much like a spouse who denigrates his or her mate. Whose judgment is flawed?And when our politicians and media continually describe Kim Jong-un as a dangerous fool he might be misled to believing we are about to launch an attack. Perhaps both countries and their leaders may wish to ratchet back the invective with both keeping in mind another ancient aphorism: “When one is dealing with a fool he should make sure the fool is not similarly engaged”.For more Gavel Gamut articles go to:www.jamesmredwine.com FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
A new five-year capital plan to be reviewed on Thursday (Jan. 15) will include priorities for improvements from boardwalk to bay.City Council will hold a public workshop 6 p.m. Thursday (Jan. 15) to review a proposed five-year capital plan for the years 2015 to 2019.The plan sets priorities for roads and drainage improvements, beach replenishment projects, boardwalk repairs, dredging of bayside lagoons and a host of other major projects considered vital to quality of life on a barrier island that maintains a fragile coexistence with the ocean.The meeting is open to the public and to public comment. No formal action will be taken by council. It will be held at the Ocean City Free Public Library’s Chris Maloney Lecture Hall.__________See detail on existing capital plans and on the road ratings system that determines which streets get fixed first.__________City Council and Mayor Jay Gillian’s administration have doubled traditional annual investments in capital improvements in an aggressive existing plan that commits about $10 million annually — taking advantage of historically low interest rates.The plan designates about $5 million to roads and drainage improvements alone.
Craft bakeries fear a massive skills shortage, as the flow of bakers from Eastern Europe dries up and those already here return home.With the fall in the value of the pound and the economic slowdown, the UK is less attractive to migrant workers such as bakers. In contrast, the Polish economy is predicted to grow by 5.4% this year and 3.8% in 2009, tempting many to return home.London-based agency Employ-ment Choice has seen a 15-20% drop in the number of Eastern European bakers on its books in the past six months, while Home Office figures show the number of Eastern Europeans registering for work in the UK fell by 22,000 between July and September – a drop of 40% compared to the same period in 2007.The worry among bakers is that there is not enough home-grown talent to fill the void. At Fosters Bakery in Barnsley, which employs 240 staff, operations director Michael Taylor said: “Finding Latvian and Polish workers is a struggle. Bakeries still relying on them are going to come unstuck. Around 25% of our staff are from Eastern Europe and we expect that to fall to around 10% in the next few years. In 2011, when Germany relaxes its immigration laws, we expect even more workers to move on. Germany is a lot closer to Poland than the UK.”Fosters has invested heavily in training to help fill the impending skills gap, embarking on a series of training projects with colleges and the local Job Centre.London craft bakery Flourish employs 38 staff, with around 80% from Eastern Europe. Director Helen O’Connell said the company had written to French and Spanish bakery schools to offer newly qualified students work experience. “We’ve lost a few Polish staff recently,” she said. “Recruitment is getting tougher.”
The portfolios we are showcasing at MIPIM represent the wide array of real estate investment opportunities the UK has to offer that can satisfy the needs of every type of international investor. These developments will create more jobs and homes for our residents, delivering essential infrastructure and I am incredibly pleased my department, in conjunction with Homes England and MHCLG, have supported their launch. Durham: Forrest Park; a logistics and light manufacturing business park on a 52-hectare site in Newton Aycliffe Harrogate: Future Park; a mixed manufacturing, leisure, retail, and technology development Swindon: Kimmerfields; a residential and commercial development with a hotel in Swindon’s business district Bournemouth: Winter Gardens; a residential development with restaurants, supermarkets and leisure space Oxford: a commercial development on the existing Culham Science Centre site on the outskirts of Oxford Bicester: Bicester Motion; a 444-acre ‘experiential resort’ comprising a hotel, conference centre and technology hub North Essex Garden Communities: three new garden communities across North Essex, providing up to 43,000 homes over the next 50 years Cardiff: a mixed office and multi-storey car park development in Cardiff Central Quay Milford Waterfront: a leisure-focused development in Milford Haven Barry Island: Nells Point; a beachside tourism development on Barry Island Swansea: Phase 2 of a mixed development in Swansea Central The four new projects will be combined with two existing projects in Anglesey North Wales. Secretary of State for Wales Alun Cairns said: DIT will lead the government’s presence at MIPIM, where over 23,000 people are expected to attend, including investment representatives from over 100 countries.The UK government will host a number of panel sessions at the UK pavilion throughout the week, discussing topics including the opportunities for investing in the Northern Powerhouse and devolved nations, and the impact technology will have on the real estate sector in the future.The portfolios showcased at the UK pavilion have been put together by the DIT’s Capital Investment team which aligns with the greater governmental initiative to attract and support both local and foreign investment into infrastructure, property developments and energy projects throughout the UK.11 new investment opportunitiesWales Portfolio And This first Welsh portfolio presents a real opportunity for international investors to capitalise on our nation’s innovation and expertise. I’m delighted to present a broad range of projects across all parts of Wales which demonstrate our strengths in sectors ranging from tourism to business and clean energy generation. Each opportunity showcases what makes our beautiful, resourceful country such an attractive destination for investment and business and I look forward to discussing them further with potential investors. New £1.19 billion property investment portfolio launched in Wales Additional £1.01bn of investment projects launched in Durham, Harrogate, Swindon, Bournemouth, North Essex, Oxford and Bicester UK Government will showcase the projects at the world’s largest property exhibition MIPIM Cannes £2.2bn worth of new investment opportunities, which will create new homes and jobs, have been launched today (Thursday 14 March) by the Department for International Trade.Launched at international property event MIPIM, the new projects include an array of development opportunities in England and the government’s first Wales property investment portfolio.Among the new investment opportunities on offer to international investors is a 444-acre ‘experiential’ resort in Oxfordshire and 3 new garden communities in North Essex, set to create more than 43,000 new homes over the next 50 years.International Trade Secretary Dr Liam Fox MP said:
FRONTRUNNERS (By Capacity) 1. The Book of Mormon (102.65%) 2. It’s Only a Play (101.53%) 3. Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (100.77%) 4. A Delicate Balance (100.00%)* 5. The Lion King (99.24%) UNDERDOGS (By Gross) 5. This Is Our Youth ($367,824) 4. Rock of Ages ($364,112) 3. Disgraced ($362,147)** 2. Love Letters ($313,629) 1. The Country House ($250,259) View Comments FRONTRUNNERS (By Gross) 1. The Lion King ($1,851,135) 2. The Book of Mormon ($1,610,255) 3. Wicked ($1,489,079) 4. Aladdin ($1,383,638) 5. It’s Only a Play ($1,376,686) *Number based on eight preview performances **Number based on three preview performances and five regular performances UNDERDOGS (By Capacity) 5. Les Miserables (66.54%) 4. Once (60.80%) 3. This Is Our Youth (58.86%) 2. Cinderella (51.01%) 1. Love Letters (46.16%) In its first week of previews, the Glenn Close and John Lithgow-led A Delicate Balance broke the box office record at the Golden Theatre. The revival grossed $884,596 (102.25% gross potential) in eight performances and hit full capacity. The record was previously held by Driving Miss Daisy, which took in $732,896 for the week ending December 12, 2010. The Pam MacKinnon-helmed production opens officially on November 20. Meanwhile, Beautiful: The Carole King Musical continued to pack the Stephen Sondheim Theatre by exceeding capacity for the seventh consecutive week. And while it’s not yet at 100%, The Last Ship, which celebrated its opening night on October 26, saw a considerable bump in attendance, up 13.3% to 88.05% capacity—will good notices and word of mouth continue to bring rising tides to the Sting tuner? Source: The Broadway League Here’s a look at who was on top—and who was not—for the week ending October 26:
Central Vermont Public Service met all of its service quality standards in 2009, the sixth straight year it achieved that goal. “We believe that’s the best record in Vermont,” said Joe Kraus, senior vice president for engineering, operations and customer service.CVPS has 17 service quality measures. CVPS measures and reports to state regulators on everything from how quickly we answer calls to bill accuracy, customer service, outage numbers and duration, and safety. All Vermont utilities have some standards and are required to file annual performance reports with state regulators.In the Customer Information Center, CVPS employees answered 87.8 percent of calls within 20 seconds, beating the standard of 75 percent. Not one call was blocked due to system overload or other issues. Other key measures:92 percent of customers said they were satisfied following customer-initiated contact, up 1 percent from the previous year. The majority of such contacts are due to overdue bills.Just 0.0886 percent of bills were inaccurate.CVPS reported an average of 1.9 outages per customer, lasting 2.3 hours, excluding one major storm. That beat standards of 2.5 outages per customer lasting an average of 3.5 hours. CVPS has among the most rugged, rural service territories in the country.Both reliability standards improved. In 2008, the average customer lost service 2.4 times for an average duration of 2.8 hours, excluding major storms.“We continue to make significant investments in our system to improve service quality and reliability,” Kraus said.Source: CVPS. 2.3.2010
I can tell how long I’ve known Bill Harris by the length of his beard. When I first met him, it was short and bushy. Now it hangs well below his chin, its wiry brown hairs nearly grazing his collarbone. Bill is a tall, lanky kind of guy with big, calloused hands. His laugh is infectious, a pair of off-kilter eyes crinkling at the corners every time he smiles. Looking back on the four years I lived off and on in Damascus, it’s hard to picture my life there without him. If he wasn’t at Mojoe’s Trailside Coffee sipping a cup of coffee, he was usually on his bike cruising down the Virginia Creeper Trail with his canine sidekick Deohghi in tow.Originally from the southwest corner of Michigan, Bill found his way to Damascus after losing both his house and job in 2000. With his daughter grown and his days now suddenly much freer, Bill decided to take this otherwise unfortunate turn of events and make it something positive. After researching “rails to trails” online, he came across a site for the Virginia Creeper Trail, reduced his possessions to the pack on his back, and headed south.“Michigan wasn’t my happy place. This,” Bill says, sweeping his arms wide, “this is my happy place.”For the decade following that first ride down the 34-mile-long Creeper, Bill would bounce around southwest Virginia working side jobs and making enough money to keep his now-transient lifestyle afloat. But in 2012, the call of the Creeper could no longer be ignored. With the permission of a local landowner, Bill established a campsite off the Creeper just outside of Damascus and has been living in the woods ever since.“Home is where your hammock hangs,” Bill says. “I’ve got no lights, no power, no bills. There’s no stress. I’m here to live and live as easy as I can and do what I can to help another.”Aside from his hammock, a tarp, some fly-fishing gear, and a minimalist espresso maker, Bill doesn’t really own anything. He gets around town on a black aluminum frame Trek with a doggie cart attached. Litter hurts everybody reads a weathered sign tacked to the back of the cart. Bill is what you might call the “trail maintainer” of the Creeper, taking it upon himself to pick up the trash that others leave behind. Generally, he’s one of the happiest people you’ll ever meet, but if he catches you tossing even so much as a cigarette butt onto the Creeper (or anywhere for that matter), you’ve got another thing coming.“I don’t know if you can call me a trail angel,” Bill says. “I don’t ask for anything and I don’t take anything. It all comes around. I’ve learned that everything is connected.”A typical day in the life of Bill always involves picking up at least one bag of trash from the Creeper, an unglamorous pastime at best, but one that does not go unrecognized. Although Bill occasionally runs shuttles for hikers coming into Mt. Rogers Outfitters, he hasn’t needed to find a full- or even part-time job in months: the town of Damascus takes care of him.“Anytime I need something, I always meet someone who can help,” he says. “Sometimes I might have to go looking for that help, but it’s there.”Living outside year-round may sound like a dream come true, but the reality of such a lifestyle is not nearly as tranquil. Bill’s “front yard,” as he likes to say, is Whitetop Laurel, the local creek that parallels the Creeper through town. In January 2013, his setup earned the name Camp Floodzone after days of nonstop rain forced Bill to move his hammock site in the middle of the night.“I was voted off the island,” he says with a chuckle. “But there were people looking out for me. Within a few minutes of taking down my campsite, someone was there with a truck to help me load it all and take me somewhere dry.”I saw Bill the morning following the flood. Although he looked tired, likely from being awakened in the middle of the night to a roaring river beneath his feet, he was not so much as a fraction less cheery. Even in the sticky heat of the long summer days or the bitter cold of the longer winter nights, I’ve never once heard Bill complain. The mosquitos, the snow, the torrential downpours—nothing fazes him.“A guy once said to me, ‘you’re just on a next level of Zen with your happiness. More people need to get there,’” Bill says. “I guess the secret is I’ve thrown everything away. If you’ve got stuff, you have to live with stuff, and nobody really needs stuff.”Aside from his daily trail upkeep, Bill is an avid hiker, a connoisseur of wild mushrooms, a fly-fisherman, and a master fly craftsman. His favorite pastime is listening to the gurgling waters of Whitetop Laurel from his hammock and his most treasured book is Edward Abbey’s The Monkey Wrench Gang.“Pay your rent, work for the earth,” he says. “If I didn’t do what I do, who would do it?”